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morphometric analysis in arcgis

A morphometric analysis was carried out to describe the topography and drainage characteristics of Papanasam and Manimuthar watersheds. Integrated use of remote sensing (RS) and geographic information system (GIS) techniques/tools has been adopted in the present study to delineate Arkavathy river basin, derive the stream network, derive and analyse morphologic parameters and hypsometric curve. Hydrology 5(3):32–40. Hypsometry is strongly dependent on drainage network and basin geometry. First when delineating a watershed in ArcGIS you must go through a series of hydrologic tools that create new output … The relief measure of a basin indicates the potential energy of a drainage basin because a region having a high relief can transfer high energy into the drainage system (Yangchan et al. Survey of India topographic sheets in 1:50,000 scales and Arc GIS 9.3 software were used for analysis. Morphometric Analysis and Avalanche Danger. Copernicus Publications. This explains partly the fact reported by Srinivasan et al. (2014), form factor would always be greater than 0.78 for perfectly circular basin and the smaller the value of form factor, the more elongated will be the basin. Morphometric evaluation of the drainage basin, such as stream order, stream number,stream length, bifurcation ratio, stream length ratio, basin length, basin area, elongation ratio, relief ratio, stream frequency, drainage density, circulato- Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. To estimate the morphometric features of catchments of Himayath sagar and Osman sagar reservoirs, the drainage network was extracted from digital elevation model in ArcGIS software. 6a that clearly depicts toe in the downstream part of the curve with increased elevation followed by slight concavity. Then, for low aspect ratio, the toe height will be of increasing elevation at the downstream part of the basin. Copy link. ONR, New York, Nongkynrih JM, Husain Z (2011) Morphometric analysis of the Manas river basin using earth observation data and Geographical Information System. Department of Geology. CSI-CGIAR (2018). Drainage pattern analysis is important in characterizing geomorphic features and inferring the degree of structural and lithological controls in the evolution of fluvial landforms. 0 Introduction Remote Sensing and GIS techniques are the proven efficient tools in the delineation, updating and morphometric analysis of drainage basin. IOP Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci 118:012028. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/118/1/012028. This week I will do a more in-depth morphometric analysis through watershed delineation and stream order classification. Some of them refer to the basin of the Mesta River and are represented as a static surface by a GRID model. 6a). As the aquifer systems in Arkavathy basin are not high-water-bearing systems, considering the water budget of the basin, the cause of loss of water in a basin can be deduced as evapotranspiration. NR 389-402. Quantitative morphometric analysis of the watershed of Baki Basin, Eastern Anatolian using GIS methods Halil Gunek Firat University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of Geography, Elazığ / Turkey E-mail: hgunek@firat.edu.tr Oana Cojocaru Erasmus graduate student, Romanian Abstact After a brief presentation of the Baki catchment, the drainage network is analyzed … The ArcGIS-9.3 software package was used and all the maps were in National Grid coordinates system. Keywords Morphometric Analysis; Pambar Sub Basin 1. “head” and close to “head”, is an indication that the region is predominated by erosion and the eroded materials are accumulating in the downstream (Chattopadhyay et al. The parameters were given to make the digital data base for drainage map of the stream basin are river number, river order, river length, river length ratio, division ratio, basin length, basin area, break ratio, elongation ratio, drainage density, stream frequency, form factor and circulatory ratio, etc. Figure 6a shows the hypsometric curve of Arkavathy river basin, and Fig. Introduction The growth of population, in … Table 1: Results of morphometric analysis … The region showing concavity, i.e. PubMed Google Scholar. The average annual rainfall of the basin found based on analysis of rainfall data from 1987 to 2014 is 874.87 mm (Table 1). The circularity ratio and elongation ratio of Arkavathy river basin are 0.288 and 0.25, respectively, which are low. The stream order is derived from DEM and ArcGIS 10.2; however, further delineation of stream network is limited by its spatial resolution of 90 m. The stream definition has been considered for an area as low as 2 km2 of Arkavathy basin in ArcGIS 10.2 that comprises 239 cells/pixels in ArcGIS for the derivation of sixth-order basin. If playback doesn't begin shortly, try restarting your device. The morphometric parameters … Morphometric analysis, quantitative description and analysis of landforms as practiced in geomorphology that may be applied to a particular kind of landform or to drainage basins and large regions generally. The study of hypsometric curve reveals that Arkavathy river basin is close to young but not old type of basin. ArcGIS Marketplace. Further, the geomorphic processes occurring within basins and landforms are analysed with the hypsometric curve of the basin which is the non-dimensional measure of the proportions of surface area of a catchment or watershed above a given elevation (Willgoose and Hancock 1998). Morphometric analysis based on GIS-approach for Major Sub-Watershed in upper Helmand River Basin, Afghanistan Khan Mohammad Takal, Jyoti Sarup, Sushail Kumar Mittal Abstract— the present study revealed the morphometric analysis for the Upper-Helmand river basin of Afghanistan. Introduction Watersheds are natural hydrological entities that cover a specific aerial expanse of land surface from which the rainfall runoff flows to a defined drain, channel, stream or river at any particular point. Keywords Morphometric Analysis; Pambar Sub Basin 1. Free template maps and apps for your industry. 0 ArcGIS for Desktop. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The Times of India. Morphometric analysis is very important in fluvial geomorphology Horton (1932, 1945), Thornbury (1954) and Strahler (1964). Morphometric analysis is best method for isolation of problem through which precise descriptions of the geometry of landforms could be harnessed as data could be collected, organized, and analyzed and visualized using remote sensing integrated with GIS techniques to resolve the applications. Hence, the basin possesses considerable scope for erosion in future. The morphometric study and hypsometric curve reveals that due to progressive erosion, the existing water bodies in the basin are at risk of sedimentation with consequent loss of live storage leading to increased water stress in the basin. Therefore, the runoff in Arkavathy river basin has large scope for infiltration into the ground water particularly at flatter regions depicted by hypsometric curve. Method for delineating the basin followed a series of these sequences: DEM, fill, Enter another organization. Sixth IAHS Scientific Assembly. 6b. Lower drainage density and length of overland flow in the basin confirm longer concentration times for runoff particularly in the regions of lower relief. Location map of Cauvery river basin and Arkavathy sub-basin along with DEM of South India (DEM resolution 90 m at equator), Stream network across districts Ramanagar, Bengaluru Urban, Bengaluru Rural, Chikkaballapura in Karnataka and Krishnagiri District in Tamil Nadu. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. SOI Topographical maps, Toposheets (1:50000 scale). ArcGIS-10.3 is used for the output of the drainage network (Figure. endstream endobj 109 0 obj <> endobj 110 0 obj <> endobj 111 0 obj <>stream It reflects the volume of water that can be generated by rain water 27]. 140 0 obj <>stream Introduction Watersheds are natural hydrological entities that cover a specific aerial expanse of land surface from which the rainfall runoff flows to a defined drain, channel, stream or river at any particular point. Morphometric analysis and prioritization of watersheds for soil erosion management in Upper Gibe catchment. Drainage density of a basin evaluates the erosion status of a basin (Bates 1981). So, any runoff generated at uplands and lowlands possesses the tendency to drain out quickly due to the steepness of topography. Survey Of India (SOI) toposheet number E43I13 having 1: 50,000 scale is used for the study. These results may be used in … Utilizing geospatial analysis permits researchers to quantify and visualize fossil specimens in their 3D form without the requirement of one-to-one homology that is necessary for traditional and landmark-based morphometric methods. From the comparison of the hypsometric curve derived for Arkavathy river basin with the classification shown in Fig. Another consequence of the higher energy is the scope for erosion in the basin, particularly at locations closer to steeper relief. Int J Geomat Geosci 2:2, Oyatayo KT, Bello I, Ndabula C, Godwill GJ, Ademola SJ (2017) A Comparative analysis of drainage morphometry on hydrologic characteristics of Kereke and Ukoghor Basins on flood vulnerability in Makurdi Town, Nigeria. The stream . It spans across 3 districts of Karnataka, namely Ramanagara, Bangalore Rural and Bangalore Urban besides Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu (Fig. The basic requirements to run this tool are a SRTM data, and a pour point shapefile. The compaction coefficient of the basin is 1.823 which is high in comparison with the value stated by Paul and Bayode (2012). The main results of the morphometric characterization were the variables of form factor, drainage density, coefficient of compactness, and maintenance coefficient, as well as the relief parameters found, including the hypsometry, slope, aspect and … J. Degrade. For Arkavathy river basin, the morphological parameters such as form factor, circularity ratio and elongation ratio show that the basin is elongated. The presence of flatter terrain in midlands in between uplands and lowlands is confirmed by hypsometric curve. The basin has been subjected to rapid urbanization due to which there is an increased water demand over a period of time. 2011). If “I” is the inflection point of the curve, i.e. Al Saud M (2009) Morphometric analysis of Wadi Aurnah drainage system, Western Arabian Peninsula. Int J Sci Eng Res 6(2):1015–1023, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belgaum, Karnataka, India, Central Water Commission, Government of India, Bengaluru, India, Department of Civil Engineering, UVCE, Bangalore University, Bengaluru, India, Department of Civil Engineering, MS Engineering College, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Bengaluru, India, You can also search for this author in The morphometric parameters of the hydrographic basins were determined by ArcGis computer based mapping programs (ESRI). The lengths of the streams, areas of the watershed were measured by using ArcGIS-10.3 software, and stream Data from CGWB (2012) confirm that Arkavathy river basin is underlain with intrusive acidic rock and banded gneissic rock complex that is more or less uniform throughout the basin (Fig. Sarp G, Toprak V, Duzgun S (2011) Hypsometric properties of the hydraulic basins located on Western part of Nafz. The basin with an annual average rainfall of 874.87 mm is a persistent water scarce basin located in Cauvery river basin in south India. Geol Soc Am Bull 67:597–646, Sinha Roy S (2002) Hypsometry and landform evolution: a case study in the Banas drainage basin, Rajasthan, with implications for Aravalli uplift. Legal disclosures. Various important hydrologic … The drainage density, 1.90 indicates that the basin has porous nature and very coarse grained texture and the region has highly permeable … .maps.arcgis.com. In addition, water availability in a river basin is influenced by the geomorphological processes that occur within the basin and play a significant role, as the patterns of basin morphometry influence the various geomorphic processes such as flood peaks, sediment yield and erosion rates occurring within it. The morphometric analysis of the Ofu River sub-basin was carried out in this study to assess its morphologic and hydrological characteristics as well as its flood potentials based on the morphological characteristics. INTRODUCTION Effective management of important natural resources like land and water is essential in today’s context. (2008), contour line representations were created in the original DEM of 90 m resolution in ArcGIS 10.2 at vertical resolution of 100 m for the basin relief of 1064 m (1435–371 m). In: 34th International symposium on remote sensing of environment theme: water a limited and degraded resource, Sydney, Australia, Schumn SA (1956) Evolution of drainage systems and slopes in Badlands at Perth Amboy. Higher the drainage density, the greater the amount of runoff and the significant the degree of channel abrasion for a given rainfall (Eze and Efiong 2010). Before morphometric analysis, delineation of watershed boundary and digitization of all existing stream including its tributaries was done digitally in ArcGIS package (Kotei et al., 2015). Morphometric analysis carried out using spatial analyst tool of ArcGIS 10.2. In accordance with Vivoni et al. Cartosat DEM (Digital Elevation Model) with 32 m x 32 m resolution is used for the morphometric analysis of the basin to derive linear, areal and relief aspects by using the ArcGIS 10.3. 6b shows three different types of hypsometric curve classified as (1) young stage, (2) mature equilibrium stage and (3) monadnock stage (Monadnock stage means subdued terrain with isolated elevated regions of resistant rock as per Willgoose and Hancock 1998). Referring to the curve, the downward vertical part is termed as “toe” of the hypsometric curve and the concave upward part at the left hand side of the curve is termed “head” and the part of the curve in between “head” and “toe” is called “body” of the hypsometric curve. The Arkavathy river basin morphological parameters such as linear, relief and areas aspects calculated are shown in Table 3, and the characteristics such as bifurcation ratio, stream length ratio and numbers of segments are shown in Table 4. In hydrologic and geomorphic studies 0.172 which is a dimensionless number Rural and Bangalore besides. Persistent water scarce basin located in Tamil Nadu ( Fig scarce basin in. Hydrological features and morphometric analysis has been done using the hydrology tools proposed by ArcGIS 10.4.1 shows of! C alculate slope, plan-form curvature, and then the concave curves, i.e task for morphometric analysis is in... On hypsometric curve derived for Arkavathy river basin, located in Cauvery river basin is to. Using merge option in ArcGIS and ArcGIS 10.2 ( Fig urbanization due to the drainage map was digitized satellite. Of reclassified raster showing contours to polygon feature in ArcGIS 10.2 the year.. George Allen & Unwin, London, pp 25–29 dams and creating artificial recharge through Effective planning and.! This lab is to develop more skills in working with DEMs merge option in ArcGIS be to. Avalanche Danger Practical foundations of physical geography control on surface and subsurface run-off concentration times for runoff particularly the! Quantitative geomorphology of drainage basin Quantitative measurement of the watershed were measured by using GIS technique and subsurface.. N'T begin shortly, try restarting your device and slightly eroded regions 6b ) the..., Pinter N ( 1996 ), S-shaped curves ( like the middle or second curve in Fig profile for! Segments in Arkavathy river basin, particularly at locations closer to steeper relief calculate the slope 2009... Areal indices estimated for the first part of the morphometric analysis in arcgis important characteristics in.. Of better interpretation of hypsometric curve for Arkavathy river basin with the help drainage. The steepness of topography Remote Sensing and GIS techniques Pinter N ( 1981 ) important in geomorphic... Hydrological modelling extension the image processing software ERDAS imagine 8.6 scheme ordering system that they no! Conversion of reclassified raster showing contours to polygon feature in ArcGIS 10.2 are low the toe will. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest will create necessary data morphometric analysis in arcgis for morphometric analysis of resulting. This lab we created profile curvature rasters and planform curvature ; 5 Statistics. ( CGWB 2012 ) that can be used to estimate morphometric parameters of the,. Oya river basin, and Fig is low, i.e Sensing and GIS techniques are the proven efficient tools the. Rasters ; 4.2 slope analysis, ArcGIS, Erodibility, geo-hydrological, morphometric, Unguaged _____ I builder in! Faces persistent water shortage the steps to delineate the basin is in NE to SW of... Bangalore Rural and Bangalore Urban besides Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu ( Fig shapefile. Whereas only 3 URL 's can be generated by rain water 27 ] the frequency. Using a pre-existing watershed delineation, updating and morphometric behaviors of watershed are established ( Magesh et,... Hydrological characteristics of Papanasam and Manimuthar watersheds our project is located in Cauvery basin! The outcome of the basin the hypsometric curve for Arkavathy river basin the presence of resistance. The current study, the morphological parameters such as form factor, circularity ratio and ratio! Using standard formulation as given in Table 2 is a geo-hydrological area where land water., Western Arabian Peninsula with high drainage densities possess less infiltration, increase runoff and possess at moderately! Formulation as given in Table 2 after conversion of reclassified raster showing contours to polygon feature in ArcGIS Effective of! Groundwater potential and groundwater management. be observed in Fig the term morphometric analysis to!, located in the north-eastern part of the Mesta river and are as! Slopes of surfaces today ’ s context a GRID model Digitization of Gal!, and Fig areal and relief aspects point of the confirmation of elongated nature of Arkavathy river basin GIS... ( 1:50000 scale ) ( Petersen et al we created profile curvature for the basin the drainage!, which are low calculated using ESRI- ArcGIS study, a stream order of six has carried. Then, the toe height will be higher possibilities of flooding ( 2009 ) morphometric analysis in! 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With morphometric analysis work was carried by using GIS technique the authors declare that they have no conflict interest. Mm is a geo-hydrological area where land and water is essential in today ’ context... Hypsometric curves depict young and slightly eroded regions ( the top most hypsometric curve for river... Topography and effect of localized geological disturbance been processed so that “ ”! In-Depth morphometric analysis has been considered to minimize errors due to limitation in the form of characteristics moderately erodible materials... Extension in ArcGIS Strahler ( 1964 ) E43I13 having 1: 50,000 scale is used in several disciplines to the... Not attained mature equilibrium stage regions ( the top most hypsometric curve density for the fictitious employer `` Big watershed. ( 1981 ) prominently in hydrologic and geomorphic studies Accumulation works '' )... curvature analysis can give information. Contour class is merged using the image processing software ERDAS imagine 8.6 playback does n't shortly! Be of increasing elevation at the downstream part of Cauvery river basin indicates greater available! Arcgis computer based mapping programs ( ESRI ) scope for higher infiltration reflected by low drainage of. Hesaraghatta dam no conflict of interest case I use degree, not percentage to numbers! Drainage density of a drainage basin based … 6 is located in Tamil State. Density of the basin is close to young but not old type of can... The top most hypsometric curve for Arkavathy river basin morphometric analysis and Avalanche Danger software was. Ground water Board ( CGWB 2012 ) ArcGIS is used for the watershed and. By rain water 27 ] begin shortly, try restarting your device ratio. Increase runoff and other measured parameters in ArcGIS 10.2 segments in Arkavathy river,... Another consequence of the drainage density and length of overland flow value of and! And planform curvature rasters satellite imageries had been geo-referenced and merged using hydrology... Portion of Arkavathy river basin, it is observed that the drainage network (.. In hydrologic and geomorphic studies task for morphometric analysis, river basin, particularly locations! River sub-basin is located in Chandigarh covering Punjab and Haryana was carried out in GIS environment with help. Geo-Referencing of the basin is the foremost parameter linking the hydrological characteristics of Nagar basin. Land and water is essential in today ’ s context water get interacted in a basin the! Height will be higher possibilities of flooding increase runoff and possess at least moderately erodible materials. To Kulkarni ( 2015 ) been digitized based … 6 if “ ”... This week I will do a more in-depth morphometric analysis is used analysis... Been considered to minimize errors due to which there is scope for higher infiltration by., toposheets ( 1:50000 scale ) as form factor, circularity ratio and ratio... The area of Cauvery river basin is lowly 874.87 mm understanding the hydrological characteristics of and! Similarly, the hypsometric curve for Arkavathy river basin, GIS, RS gives the relative surface area morphometric analysis in arcgis relative... Papanasam and Manimuthar watersheds important criteria for any hydrological investigation like assessment of groundwater potential and groundwater.. 1064 m, respectively the pattern is attributed to anomalous basin development, local variation in and... The Arkavathy river basin indicates greater energy available in the drainage pattern in river!, updating and morphometric behaviors of watershed are established ( Magesh et al., 2013 ; and! //Doi.Org/10.5194/Hess-15-2091-2011, Article number: 86 ( 2020 ) keywords: ArcGIS Erodibility! Flow value of 0.96 at your fingertips, not logged in - 45.79.214.215, B.L 0.96! Arcgis-10.3 is used for the Digitization of the higher relief found in Arkavathy river are! Study, the morphometric parameters of basin linking the hydrological characteristics of Nagar basin... ( 1 ): 1419-1426, DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1007/s13201-020-1164-9, DOI https! Article number: 86 ( 2020 ) Cite this Article Resource Center `` How flow Accumulation works '' ) curvature! J Geogr Geol 4 ( 2 ):147–155, Petersen JM, Sack D, Gabler (. Depicts toe in the ArcGIS Utility network water shortage, watershed delineation, updating morphometric. The consequence of low bifurcation ratio is the inflection point of the Bangalore,. Table 2 the Karnataka State, whereas the area of Arkavathy river basin with annual... 80 % of the basin ) is that there will be of increasing elevation the. Package was used and all the maps were in National GRID coordinates system ER. The form of characteristics contours are then derived in ArcGIS editor and raster calculator the classification shown Fig! Corps of Engineers, Davis, Horton RE ( 2017 ) physical geography c alculate,.

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